Barbara Ann Kipfer, Ph.D.


Lexico LLC (, (Long Beach, CA) Managing Editor/Senior Lexicographer (4/2000-present) Development of new lexical content, maintenance of all lexical content, guiding project selection and determining editorial policies, outsourcing and tracking freelance work. (Pasadena, CA) Director of Research (4/96-11/96, 6/98-3/99, 9/05-11/05). Development of Internet question-answering service; answered all questions posed to system (6/98-3/99). Content Developer for (Jerusalem/NYC) in '05, and, in the department of no deposit casino bonuses. Additional editorial tasks and other reference works for software tools and products.

Reference Wordsmith contract/freelance work (1991-present, CLIENTS: CNET; CitySearch, GoTo/Overture, eHow, encyclopedia publishers (Columbia, Funk and Wagnall, Grolier), dictionary publishers; telephone companies. TYPES OF TASKS: Development of lexicons and major reference works; creation of ontologies, taxonomies, and hierarchies.

Cymfony (Buffalo, NY) Head Lexicographer (1/2001-8/2001). Design, development, and maintenance of lexical resources and tools for natural language processing and information extraction products.

Ask Jeeves (Emeryville, CA) Research and Dictionary Specialist (3/1999-1/2001). Developmental work on dictionaries for question-answering system; question-and-answer evaluation and personal answering of general reference questions via email and community.

Mindmaker, Inc/Associative Computing (San Jose, CA) Head Lexicographer (4/97-5/98). Research and development of lexicon (based on WordNet) for natural language processing and intelligent agent system.

TextWise (Syracuse, NY) Lexicographic Analyst (10/95-4/96). Lexicographic and classification/hierarchy work for information retrieval system; conducted dictionary research.

Knowledge Adventure (La Crescenta, CA) Author/Developer (4/93-10/95). Writing, editing, development of multimedia reference works for software products, including all articles for a childrens encyclopedia.

General Electric Corporate Research (Schenectady, NY) Lexicographer, Artificial Intelligence Program (8/88-4/90, 11/96-4/97). Wrote large, hierarchically arranged lexicon for use with a natural-language processor. Compiled medical lexicon and ontology.

Bellcore/Telcordia (Morristown, NJ) Lexicographer, Artificial Intelligence & Information Science Research (8/85-8/88). Research of dictionaries and other reference works for development of a lexical knowledge base.

IBM T.J. Watson Research Center (Yorktown Heights, NY) Lexicographer, Lexical Systems Group (10/84-8/85). Research of dictionaries for inclusion in lexical knowledge base.

Wang Electronic Publishing (New York, NY) Lexicographer (11/83-10/84). Edited dictionary databases, thesauri, and other reference works for software products.

Yale University School of Organization and Management (CT) Newsletter Editor, 9/82-11/83.

Laurence Urdang Inc. (CT) Assistant to the Publisher (dictionary work); 5/82-7/82.

University of Houston (TX) Director of Word Processing Center; 6/81-5/82.

City of Valparaiso (IN) Assistant to the Mayor; 11/79-6/81.

Chicago Tribune newspaper (IL) Sports Scoreboard Page Editor; 6/79-10/79.

Gary Post-Tribune newspaper (IN) News and Sports Correspondent; 2/79-6/79.

Vidette-Messenger newspaper (IN) Sports Editor; 11/76-1/79.

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Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics, University of Exeter, 1989

Doctor of Philosophy in Archaeology, Greenwich University, 1998

Master of Philosophy in Linguistics, University of Exeter, 1985

Master of Arts in Buddhist Studies, Greenwich University, 2002

Master of Fine Arts in Interdisciplinary Art, Goddard College, 2008-

Bachelor of Science in Physical Education, Valparaiso University, 1978



Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition, New York: HarperCollins, 2007

Field Guide to Happiness, Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, forthcoming 2008

Word Nerd, Chicago: Sourcebooks, 2007

Dictionary of Artifacts, Boston: Blackwell, 2007

Consider This, New York: Random House, 2007

1325 Buddhist Ways to Be Happy, Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press, 2007

The Archaeologist’s Fieldwork Companion, Boston: Blackwell, 2006

Trivia Lovers' Book of Lists, New York: Random House, 2006

Self-Meditation, New York: Workman Publishing, 2006

Life of Language, New York: Random House, 2006

201 Little Buddhist Reminders: Gathas for Your Daily Life, Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press, 2006

How It Happens: The Extraordinary Processes of Everyday Things, New York: Random House, 2005

4,000 Questions for Getting to Know Anyone and Everyone, New York: Random House, 2004

Instant Karma, New York: Workman, 2003

Roget's Descriptive Word Finder, Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 2003

Roget's International Thesaurus, Sixth Edition, New York: HarperCollins, 2001 (concise edition 2003)

Roget's Thesaurus of Phrases, Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 2001

8,789 Words of Wisdom, New York: Workman Publishing, 2001 (100,000 in print)

Flip Dictionary, Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 2000

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology, New York: Plenum-Kluwer, 2000

5,001 Things for Kids to Do, New York: Plume, 2000

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus in Dictionary Form, New York: Dell/Laurel/Delta; 1992, second edition 1999

Dictionary of American Slang, Third Edition, New York: HarperCollins, 1998 (co-editor with Robert L. Chapman)

The Wish List, New York: Workman Publishing, 1997 (85,000 copies in print; published in Japanese)

The Order of Things: Hierarchies, Structures and Pecking Orders, New York: Random House; 1996

The Optimist's/Pessimist's Guide to the Millennium, New York: Perigee; 1996

USA Today Crossword Puzzle Dictionary, New York: Hyperion; 1996

Webster's 21st Century Large Print Dictionary, New York: Dell/Laurel, 1996

The Best of 14,000 things to be happy about Page-A-Day Calendars (annually 1995-2007), New York: Workman

1,400 things for kids to be happy about, New York: Workman; 1994. (95,000 in print)

Bartlett's Book of Business Quotations, New York: Little, Brown; 1994

Bartlett's Book of Love Quotations, New York: Little, Brown; 1994

Sisson's Word and Expression Locater, New York: Prentice Hall; 1994

21st Century Manual of Style, New York: Dell/Laurel, 1993

21st Century Spelling Dictionary, New York: Dell/Laurel, 1993

21st Century Synonym & Antonym Finder, New York: Dell/Laurel, 1993

Random House Kid's Encyclopedia text of 2,000 articles: La Crescenta, CA: Knowledge Adventure, Inc., 1993

14,000 things to be happy about, New York: Workman Publishing; 1990 (1 million copies in print; published in Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Swedish) (see )

Workbook on Lexicography: A Course for Dictionary Users, Volume 8, Exeter Linguistic Series (General Editor: R.R.K. Hartmann), University of Exeter Press; 1984

Buddha, The Listmaker, Master of Arts in Buddhist Studies thesis, Greenwich University, 2002.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology, PhD in Archaeology project in lieu of dissertation, Greenwich University, 1998.

"Computer Applications in LexicographyA New Summary of the State-of-the-Art," presented at the Dictionary Society of North America meeting, Universityof Michigan, 2001.

"Towards the Onomasiological Dictionary: The Use of the Computer in Providing Diversified Access", Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics dissertation, University of Exeter, 1989.

"Dictionaries and the Intermediate Student: Communicative Needs and the Development of User Reference Skills", in The Dictionary and the Language Learner, edited by Anthony Cowie, Lexicographic Series Maior 17, Tubingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1987: 44-54.

"Investigating an Onomasiological Approach to Dictionary Material," in DICTIONARIES 1986, Journal of the DSNA, Number 8, 1987.

"The Declining Role of the In-House Dictionary Staff" and a review of The Wordtree, in DICTIONARIES 1985, Journal of the DSNA, Number 7, 1986.

"Computer Applications in Lexicography--A Summary of the State-of-the-Art," in Advances in Lexicography, (Proceedings of the 1983 DSNA meeting),Edmonton,Canada: Boreal Scholarly Publishing, 1986.

"Dictionaries and the Intermediate Student: Communicative Needs and the Development of User Reference Skills," Master of Philosophy in Linguistics, University ofExeter, 1985.

"Methods of Ordering Senses Within Entries," in Lexicographica, Series Maior 1: LEXeter '83 Proceedings, edited by R.R.K. Hartmann,Tubingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1984: 101-108.

"Computer Applications in Lexicography: A Bibliography," in DICTIONARIES 1982, Journal of the Dictionary Society ofNorth America, No. 4, 1983: 202-237

*I am also a Registered Professional Archaeologist (RPA). My websites are and

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